Tuesday, May 20, 2014

Spring 2014 Term - INFO & TEXT/Transcript DOWNLOADS

  The Spring 2014 term of IBD's [Institute for Buddhist Dialectical studies] Advanced (English language) Philosophy course taught by Geshe Kelsang Wangmo began Monday - 7 APRIL 2014.  The Term will end on 11 JUNE 2014.

The subject matter continues the Perfection of Wisdom studies based upon Maitreya's Ornament for Clear Realizations [Abhisamayalamkara] with the next two topics of Chapter 1:  the Mahayana Path of Preparation & Buddha Nature.

Reference Materials for Spring 2014 Term 

Class Prayers for setting motivation & dedication

Chapter 1 of Root Text -- the Ornament for Clear Realizations (Abhisamayalamkara) by Maitreya with interpolated Outline, published by Lama Tsong Khapa Institute, Italy (1998).

CHART - Sixteen Aspects of the Four Noble Truths.  

Mahayana Path of Preparation  
 Classes 1-16 - April 7 - May 12, 2014

DOWNLOADS
  
Text Handout includes a 25-page Review of subjects covered in prior Terms of this multi-year Perfection of Wisdom course followed by a 31-page text on the Mahayana Path of Preparation.

CLASS NOTES:

Class 16 - The final/pentultimate class on the Mahayana Path of Preparation.

BUDDHA NATURE
Began:  May 14, 2014

DOWNLOADS

Text Handout - Buddha Nature - COMPLETE.
As we go through the text in class some typographical errors are being noted so a final revision will be posted later.  However, this version contains the complete text on Buddha Nature.

CLASS NOTES:

Class 17 - 1st Class-Buddha Nature - general introduction per Mādhyamika (Middle Way - 'our system').
Class 18 -  Buddha Nature per Vaibhāṣika (Great Exposition) & Sautrāntika (Sutra school) and Cittamātra (Mind Only).
Class 19 -  Buddha Nature per Cittamātra, cont.
Class 20 -  Buddha Nature per Cittamātra, cont.
Class 21 -  Conclude General Meaning presentation of Cittamātra (Mind Only) assertions re Buddha Nature; & Arya Vimuktisena's critique.
Class 22General Meaning presentation of Buddha Nature per Mādhyamika.

General Course Information 

Texts.  Geshe Kelsang Wangmo has prepared a Handout for each subject.  These Handouts serve as the text for every class and include translations from the Tibetan & Indian commentaries that have not been previously translated into English.

DOWNLOAD The first Handout includes a 25-page Review of the subjects covered in prior Terms of this multi-year Perfection of Wisdom course followed by a 31-page text on the Mahayana Path of Preparation.  The Handout on Buddha Nature will be posted later.

Course Methodology:  The classes are based on the great Tibetan monastic universities’ curricula.  Students will have opportunities to discuss and debate the subject matter in class. 

Course Background:  This blog contains posts that provide general Background information to this Perfection of Wisdom course, suggested Reading List, outline notes of posted classes and MP3 recordings.  

Students:  The challenging course material is aimed at earnest students of Buddhist philosophy.  If you wish to check out the classes, you are welcome to visit before you enroll.

Weekly Class Schedule:


MONDAY, WEDNESDAY & FRIDAY
4:00 - 6:00 pm - MONDAY & FRIDAY
  4:00 - 5:30 pm - WEDNESDAY


Location:                   IBD's Prayer Hall - Main Temple complex
IBD's Prayer Hall is Up (to your right) the first set of Stairs 
of the first Building inside the main Temple Gate.
 **Fee:  300 Rupees per month
(All proceeds sponsor IBD students’ living expenses)

For Course Information details in India, you may call  Ven. Nordron (94592-01948) or Gilah (89881-56535).  You can also email Ven. Nordron at chogslags-ibd@yahoo.com.

If any of the LINKS don't work, please leave a COMMENT or notify us by E-Mail. 


Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Class 5 - Generating the Mahayana Path of Preparation

The 5th class of Spring 2014 term was held on Wednesday, the 16th day of April. The Mahayana Path of Preparation is the topic of the first half of the term.

Download the Spring 2014 Course Text-PDF, prepared by Geshe Kelsang Wangmo.

Please NOTE: Geshe Wangmo presented an overview of the Mahayana Path of Preparation in the 7th Class of the Spring 2013 Term. You can download the Recorded MP3 tracks of that class, together with a transcript of NOTES from the class, and the Handouts Geshe Wangmo prepared as the text for that class at this blog's April 24, 2013 POST.


DOWNLOAD Recorded MP3 Tracks of Class 5:

Track 1 - 4. Mode of Generating (the Mahayana Path of Preparation).

[Handout pp. 32 - continuing Six Topics that introduce this Path [Handout p. 27] in Panchen Sonam Drakpa's General Meaning (phar phyin spyi don - ཕར་ཕྱིན་སྤྱི་དོན་).

Discussion / Q & A  re:  Mental Support Required to Generate the First Moment of the Mahayana Path of Preparation:
  • Concentrations, 
  • Union Calm Abiding & Special Insight, 
  • Mind & Mental Factors 

Track 2 - Mental Function:  Main Minds & Mental Factors
  • Illustration
    • A person (Adele) & her various functions (Adele the Student, Adele the Woman, Adele the cook, Adele the Buddhist) - a Main Mind & its Mental Factors - different isolates of one entity.

  • Three Types of Awareness [see Class 2 & 3] - [Handout p. 32]
    •  Awareness arisen from Hearing (thos byung gi blo - ཐོས་བྱུང་གི་བློ་) - a correctly assuming consciousness
    •  Awareness arisen from Contemplation (bsam byung gi blo - བསམ་བྱུང་གི་བློ་) - inferential cognizer
    • Awareness arisen from Meditation (bsgoms byung gi blo - བསྒོམས་བྱུང་གི་བློ་) - mental factor of calm abiding or an awareness that is concomitant with the mental factor of calm abiding

  • Three Types of Wisdom *
    • Wisdom arisen from Hearing (thos byung gi shes rab - ཐོས་བྱུང་གི་ཤེས་རབ་) - mental factor of wisdom that is a correctly assuming consciousness
    • Wisdom arisen from Contemplation (bsam byung gi shes rab - བསམ་བྱུང་གི་ཤེས་རབ་) - mental factor of wisdom that is an inferential cognizer
    • Wisdom arisen from  Meditation (bsgoms byung gi shes rab - བསྒོམས་བྱུང་གི་ཤེས་རབ་) - mental factor of wisdom that is concomitant with the mental factor of calm abiding.
    * Note: Any mental consciousness that realizes its object is a wisdom.

  • Classifications of Mind & Mental Factors & Seven Types of Minds (Lo-rig)

  • Distinguishing:  
    • a Mental Factor (Wisdom arisen from Hearing) from 
    • a Main Mind (an Awareness arisen from Hearing)  
  • Possibilities of Relationship (Analytical Tool of Philosophy/Debate):
    • Contradictory
    • Equivalent
    • Three Possibilities
    • Four Possibilities
  • Relationship between Wisdom and Awareness here :
    • Whatever is a Wisdom is necessarily is an Awareness.  
    • Whatever is an Awareness is not necessarily a Wisdom.  
    • There’s something that is both, a Wisdom Awareness
  • Relationship between a Wisdom arisen from Hearing and an Awareness arisen from Hearing here :
    • Whatever is a Wisdom arisen from Hearing is necessarily is an Awareness arisen from Hearing.  
    • Whatever is an Awareness arisen from Hearing is not necessarily a Wisdom arisen from Hearing (e.g., a feeling, aspiration).  
4th Type of Awareness & Wisdom [Handout p. 32-3]:
  • Awareness Mainly arisen from Meditation - awareness that is a union of calm abiding & special insight
  • Wisdom Mainly arisen from Meditation - the mental factor of wisdom that is a union of calm abiding & special insight
Q & A

Track 3 - Wisdom Focusing on Emptiness [Handout 34-5]
  • Developing Calm Abiding
  •  Developing the Union of Calm Abiding & Special Insight 
    • Analysis of Mental Factors that are Different but of One Entity.  
    • Concomitant Mental Factors - Mental Factors that Work Together.

If any of the LINKS don't work, please leave a COMMENT or notify us by E-Mail.


This is the 5th class of the Spring 2014 term of
the Perfection of Wisdom course
which addresses 3rd Topic - Mahayana Path of Preparation
of Chapter 1 of Maitreya's
Ornament for Clear Realizations - Abhisamayalamkara.

Monday, April 14, 2014

Class 4 - Nature & Categories of Mahayana Path of Preparation

The 4th class of Spring 2014 term was held on Monday, the 14th day of April. The Mahayana Path of Preparation is the topic of the first half of the term.

Download the Spring 2014 Course Text-PDF, prepared by Geshe Kelsang Wangmo.

Please NOTE: Geshe Wangmo presented an overview of the Mahayana Path of Preparation in the 7th Class of the Spring 2013 Term. You can download the Recorded MP3 tracks of that class, together with a transcript of NOTES from the class, and the Handouts Geshe Wangmo prepared as the text for that class at this blog's April 24, 2013 POST.


DOWNLOAD Recorded MP3 Tracks of Class 3:

Track 1 - Review (Mental Support required to move from one level to the next on the Path of Preparation, i.e., a Concentration).

Q&A Discussion, e.g.,
  • Concentrations: Human beings can generate/have Concentrations. 
    • Concentrations are required to move from one level of the Path of Preparation to the next level; 
    • Not all moments on the Path of Preparation (or the Path of Seeing) are Concentrations as practitioners are not always in meditation and, even in meditation, when focused on the Method aspects of the path, may not be on a Concentration.
Track 2 - 2. Nature (of the Mahayana Path of Preparation).

[Handout pp. 30-1 - continuing Six Topics that introduce this Path [Handout p. 27] in Panchen Sonam Drakpa's General Meaning (phar phyin spyi don - ཕར་ཕྱིན་སྤྱི་དོན་).

Terminology:
  • Path of Concordance with Liberation (ཐར་པ་ཆ་མཐུན་) - synonym of Path of Accumulation.   
  • Clear Realization of the Truth - synonym of Path of Seeing.
Introduction to aspects of the Nature of this Path:
  • Path of Preparation:  
    • is mundane Mahayana path; 
    • arises subsequent to the completion of its cause, the Path of Concordance with Liberation
    • is a similitude of the Clear Realization of the Truth


Explanation of Relevent Passages from Three Commentaries [Handout p. 31]:

Arya Asanga, Summary of Manifest Knowledge (Skt. Abhidharmasamuccaya; Tib. mngon pa kun btus - མངོན་པ་ཀུན་བཏུས་):
Whatever exists on the [path of] accumulation also exists on the [path of] preparation

Vasubhandu, Commentary on Distinguishing Dharma and Dharmata (Skt., Dharma Dharmata Vibhanga; Tib.: chos nyid rnam 'byed kyi 'brel ba - ཆོས་ཉིད་རྣམ་འབྱེད་ཀྱི་འབྲེལ་བ་):
All are thoroughly distinguished by [awarenesses arisen from] hearing, contemplation, and meditation

Gyaltsab Je, Ornament of the Essence (རྣམ་བཞད་སྙིང་པོ་རྒྱན་):
[The nature of the Mahayana Path of Preparation is] a mundane Mahayana path [that arises] subsequent to the completion of a concordance with liberation, and that is a similitude of the 'clear realization of the truth'. [The Mahayana Path of Preparation] is not solely limited to being wisdoms arisen from meditation, because there are many cases of [Mahayana Paths of Preparation that are] wisdoms arisen from hearing or contemplation.

Q & A

Track 3 - 3. Categories (of the Mahayana Path of Preparation) [Handout 31-2]

 
Each of the four levels - Heat, Peak, Forbearance & Supreme Dharma have three sub-divisions:  Small, Middling, Great.  12 levels of the Mahayana Path of Preparation.

Differing interpretations regarding the meaning of the three subdivisions:

Gyaltsab Je follows a sutra quote ('categories from the point of view of temporary states'):

The categories [from the point of view of] temporary states are the three: small, middling, and great. The categories [from the point of view] of nature are the four: heat, and so forth.
Panchen Sonam Drakpa agrees with this interpretation that the three subdivisions correspond to the beginning, middle and end of each level.



If any of the LINKS don't work, please leave a COMMENT or notify us by E-Mail.


This is the 4th class of the Spring 2014 term of
the Perfection of Wisdom course
which addresses 3rd Topic - Mahayana Path of Preparation
of Chapter 1 of Maitreya's
Ornament for Clear Realizations - Abhisamayalamkara.

Friday, April 11, 2014

Class 3 - Introduction - 1. Support of Mahayana Path of Preparation

The 3rd class of Spring 2014 term was held on Friday, the 11th day of April. The Mahayana Path of Preparation is the topic of the first half of the term.

Download the Spring 2014 Course Text-PDF, prepared by Geshe Kelsang Wangmo.

Please NOTE: Geshe Wangmo presented an overview of the Mahayana Path of Preparation in the 7th Class of the Spring 2013 Term. You can download the Recorded MP3 tracks of that class, together with a transcript of NOTES from the class, and the Handouts Geshe Wangmo prepared as the text for that class at this blog's April 24, 2013 POST.


DOWNLOAD Recorded MP3 Tracks of Class 3:

Track 1 - Review:
Five Steps to Realize Emptiness:  
  1. Correctly Assuming Awareness of Emptiness arisen from Hearing.  
  2. Inferential Cognition (Incontrovertible) of Emptiness arisen from Contemplation.
  3. Awareness of Emptiness on Basis of Meditation arisen from (Calm Abiding) Meditation
  4. Awareness of Emptiness Mainly on Basis of Meditation (Union of Calm Abiding & Special Insight).
  5. Directly Perceiving Realization of Emptiness.
Q&A - DIfferentiating Prasangika presentation of cognizers from other Tenet systems.

Track 2 - Initial Presentation of Path of Preparation per Panchen Sonam Drakpa's Six Topics to Elucidate this Path [Handout p. 27]: 
  1. Support (of the Mahayana Path of Preparation)
[Handout pp. 28-30 - sources:  Vasubhandu's Treasury of Knowledge (Skt., Abhidharma-kosha; Tib., མངོན་པ་མཛོད་); Gyaltsab Je's Ornament of the Essence ( རྣམ་བཞད་སྙིང་པོ་རྒྱན་]

  • Introduction to Four Levels of Path of Preparation (Heat, Peak, Forbearance & Supreme Dharma), e.g.:  the 1st is named Heat because having attained this Path, one is approaching the Fire (that actually begins burning away obstacles preventing Enlightenment) of the Path of Seeing.  The name of the 3rd level (Forbearance) refers to losing one's residual fear of Emptiness.  Having attained that level, one  cannot be reborn (uncontrollably) in the lower realms again. 
  • Who is a person who can attain this path, at what level of existence, physical basis:
    • 3 of the 4 types of humans (living on different continents, i.e., planets or realms) & celestial beings of the Desire Realm can generate Path of Preparation. 
    • Physical basis to generate the Path of Seeing on the Supreme Dharma Level of the Path of Preparation.

    Track 3 - Discussion / Q&A regarding material introduced in this class.

    If any of the LINKS don't work, please leave a COMMENT or notify us by E-Mail.

    This is the 3rd class of the Spring 2014 term of
    the Perfection of Wisdom course
    which addresses 3rd Topic - Mahayana Path of Preparation
    of Chapter 1 of Maitreya's
    Ornament for Clear Realizations - Abhisamayalamkara.

Wednesday, April 09, 2014

Class 2 - Mahayana Path of Preparation - introduction

The 2nd class of Spring 2014 term was held on Monday, the 9th day of April. The Mahayana Path of Preparation is the topic of the first half of the term.

Download the Spring 2014 Course Text-PDF, prepared by Geshe Kelsang Wangmo.

Please NOTE: Geshe Wangmo presented an overview of the Mahayana Path of Preparation in the 7th Class of the Spring 2013 Term. You can download the Recorded MP3 tracks of that class, together with a transcript of NOTES from the class, and the Handouts Geshe Wangmo prepared as the text for that class at this blog's April 24, 2013 POST.


DOWNLOAD Recorded MP3 Tracks of Class 1:

Track 1 - Continue explanation re Types of Awarenesses Required to Progress to the Mahayana Path of Preparation:
  1. Awareness arisen from Hearing (Correctly Assuming Consciousness - not the same as "Incontrovertibly Knowing").
  2. Awareness Arisen from Contemplation (Inferential Cognizer).  
  3. Awareness Arisen from Meditation (Calm Abiding Single Focus).  
  4. Awareness Mainly Arisen from Meditation (Union of Calm Abiding & Special Insight).  
Most of what we think we know is only Arisen from Hearing.

Four Steps to Realize Emptiness:  
  1. Correctly Assume Emptiness - Awareness arisen from Hearing.  
  2. Inferentially Cognize (Incontrovertibly) Emptiness - Awareness arisen from Contemplation - a conceptual & easily distracted mind.
  3. Calm Abiding (Single Pointed) Meditation on Emptiness - Awareness Arisen from Meditation
  4. Calm Abiding in Union with Special Insight [analysis] on Emptiness - Awareness Mainly Arisen from Meditation.
Track 2 - Realizing Emptiness by Awareness Mainly Arisen from Meditation is entry to the Path of Preparation.  
  • The first moment of the Union of Calm Abiding & Special Insight meditating on Emptiness is the first moment of the Path of Preparation.
One can generate the first 3 Awarenesses before generating Bodhicitta.  If not generated before entering the Path of Accumulation, they must be generated on that Path before advancing to the Path of Preparation.
Why the Path of Preparation is presented after the 10 Mahayana Practice Instructions. 
[Text PDF - p. 24].  A Debate.

  • Path of Accumulation - enter by generating Bodhicitta. Either before or after entry, generate the first Three Awarenesses. And work to develop the Fourth type.

  • Path of Preparation - enter immediately upon generating the Fourth type Awareness at the end of the Path of Accumulation. Then continue to develop and deepen that Union of Calm Abiding and Special Insight focused on Emptiness until you generate a Direct Experience of Emptiness and at immediately enter the Path of Seeing.
Track 3 - Presentation of a Sutra debate in the Perfection of Wisdom re what to do when you get stuck on the Path of Preparation.
  • The phrase that appears, "Not having the fault of a Bodhisattva", means being able to Realize Emptiness Directly. 

  • On the Path of Preparation, a Bodhisattva is stuck with a conceptual realization of Emptiness even in the special meditative concentration of the Union of Calm Abiding & Special Insight Meditation.  This is the Fault of the Peak Training on the Path of Preparation.

If any of the LINKS don't work, please leave a COMMENT or notify us by E-Mail.

This is the 2nd class of the Spring 2014 term of
the Perfection of Wisdom course
which addresses 3rd Topic - Mahayana Path of Preparation
of Chapter 1 of Maitreya's
Ornament for Clear Realizations - Abhisamayalamkara.

Monday, April 07, 2014

Class 1 - Mahayana Path of Preparation - introduction

The 1st class of Spring 2014 term was held on Monday, the 7th day of April. The Mahayana Path of Preparation is the topic of the first half of the term.

Download the Spring 2014 Course Text-PDF, prepared by Geshe Kelsang Wangmo.

Please NOTE: Geshe Wangmo presented an overview of the Mahayana Path of Preparation in the 7th Class of the Spring 2013 Term. You can download the Recorded MP3 tracks of that class, together with a transcript of NOTES from the class, and the Handouts Geshe Wangmo prepared as the text for that class at this blog's April 24, 2013 POST.


DOWNLOAD Recorded MP3 Tracks of Class 1:

Logicistics in-Classroom attendance.

Track 1 - Introduction to this Ornament for the Perfection of Wisdom Course.

Track 2 - Introduction to the subject matter of this Spring 2013 Term of the Course: the Mahayana Path of Preparation.  After general introduction, begins Introduce to relevant terminology, e.g.,
  • Awareness Arisen from Hearing (Correctly Assuming Consciousness, 
  • Awareness Arisen from Contemplation (Inferential Cognizer), 
  • Awareness Arisen from Meditation (Conceptual Calm Abiding).
Track 3 - Q & A.

If any of the LINKS don't work, please leave a COMMENT or notify us by E-Mail.

This is the 1st class of the Spring 2014 term of
the Perfection of Wisdom course
which addresses 3rd Topic - Mahayana Path of Preparation
of Chapter 1 of Maitreya's
Ornament for Clear Realizations - Abhisamayalamkara.

Monday, November 18, 2013

Fall 2013 TERM Did NOT Take Place

The Institute for Buddhist Dialectical Studies, since its inception, has an affiliated relationship with Drepung Loseling Monastery (Karnataka). 

Drepung Loseling Monastery located its North American headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia, over 20 years ago.  In 1998, DLM entered into an affiliation agreement with Emory University.  One aspect of that agreement is that Emory University conducts an annual Winter Semester Study Abroad Program focused on Tibetan culture, etc., in Dharamsala, India.  IBD provides support for that program.  In that connection, Geshe Kelsang Wangmo has been teaching a course in that program for many years.  Among other activities in North America, DLM has a Dharma Center (The Loseling Institute) in Atlanta.

In the Fall of 2013, H.H. the Dalai Lama visited Emory University and the Loseling Institute.  Various associated teachings and meetings were organized in connection with His Holiness visit.  IBD requested Geshe Wangmo to go the United States to participate in those.  Then the FPMT requested Geshe Wangmo to give teachings at some of its Dharma Centers in the U.S.  For these reasons, the Fall 2013 term of the Perfection of Wisdom Course did not take place.

Photo by Chris Majors Photography of Geshe Wangmo at FPMT Land of Medicine Buddha, Soquel, Californes, November 3, 2013 from a Fliker Set.